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ZAUANITO INDIANS. The Zauanito Indians are known only from a single Spanish missionary report (1691), which identifies them as enemies of the Hasinai Indians of eastern Texas. They appear to have lived west of the Hasinais. The name is similar to Souanetto, the name of another otherwise unidentified group listed by Henri Joutel (1687) as enemies of the Kadohadacho Indians on the Red River. It seems likely that these names refer to the same people, but this cannot be proved.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell

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Thomas N. Campbell, "ZAUANITO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.