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SAN FRANCISCO RANCHERÍA. San Francisco Ranchería, on the lower San Antonio River near the Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Mission, became a refuge for runaway Indians from missions in the vicinity during the eighteenth century.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"SAN FRANCISCO RANCHERIA," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.