EASTERN TEXAS RAILROAD [#1]
EASTERN TEXAS RAILROAD [#1]. The Eastern Texas Railroad Company, an antebellum line, originated as the Henderson and Burkeville Railroad Company, chartered in 1852 to connect Burkeville in Newton County with Henderson in Rusk County. In 1853 the charter was changed to provide that the line run from the Gulf through Nacogdoches and Mount Enterprise. The charter was again amended in 1856, when the name was changed to the Mexican Gulf and Henderson Railroad Company. Construction began at Pine Island Bayou north of Beaumont, and 30½ miles was graded before a new company took over the project. In January 1860 the Eastern Texas Railroad was chartered to run from Sabine Pass to Henderson along the line graded by the Mexican Gulf and Henderson. Slaves were used to build the road. According to tradition a change from cornbread to wheat bread caused an epidemic among the slaves and held up the work until the crewmen could recover from their change of diet. In 1861 the line was in operation for twenty-five miles between Beaumont and Sabine Pass, and grading had been done north from Beaumont. During the Civil War the equipment was moved to Beaumont as a precaution against capture by federal troops, and in September 1863 Richard W. Dowling used some of the rails to fortify Fort Sabine. That year the Eastern Texas was abandoned. An unsuccessful effort was made to revive the project after the Civil War.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Eastern Texas Railroad [#1]," accessed January 17, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/eqe04.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.