AMPUDIA, PEDRO DE
AMPUDIA, PEDRO DE (1803–1868). Pedro de Ampudia, Mexican general, was born in Cuba in 1803. As an artillery officer in the Mexican army, he participated in the capture of the Alamo and, after the Mexican defeat at San Jacinto, retreated with José de Urrea's army. Ampudia was commander of the units of the Mexican army stationed at Matamoros at the time of the Mier expedition, defeated the Texans at Mier in December 1842, and in January 1843 marched them as prisoners to Matamoros. He was appointed general in chief of the Mexican Army of the North just before the outbreak of the Mexican War and arrived at Matamoros on April 11, 1846, where he demanded that Gen. Zachary Taylor retreat to the Nueces River. After being succeeded in command by Mariano Arista, who arrived at Matamoros on April 24, 1846, Ampudia fought in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma,qqv regained command of the army, and was the commanding officer at the siege and fall of Monterrey. He surrendered the city to Taylor on September 23, 1846. In February 1847 he took part in the battle of Buena Vista. In 1864 Ampudia commanded the eastern liberal army. He died on August 7, 1868, and was buried in the Panteón de San Fernando.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, David M. Vigness, "Ampudia, Pedro De," accessed February 25, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fam05.
Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.