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BLACK, HARRY ALFRED (1866–1935). Harry Alfred Black, civic leader, son of John Henry and Julia Emma (Bunce) Black, was born on August 22, 1866, in New York City. He attended public schools and became connected with the lumber industry. In 1900 he moved to Houston as general manager of the timber department of the Houston Oil Company. In 1910 he moved to Galveston, where he became head of the Black Hardware Company. Black was president of the Galveston Chamber of Commerce and vice president of the United States Chamber of Commerce and of the International Chamber of Commerce. In January 1923 he went to Europe as a member of a committee on the Dawes Reparation Plan. In 1887 in Chicago he married Ella Maude Smith; they had one son. Black died on September 9, 1935, and was buried in Galveston Memorial Park.


S. C. Griffin, History of Galveston, Texas (Galveston: Cawston, 1931). Who Was Who in America, Vol 2.

Kaye A. Walker


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Kaye A. Walker, "BLACK, HARRY ALFRED," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.