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CRAVENS, ROBERT M. (?–?). Robert M. Cravens, early Lamar County settler and participant in the battle of San Jacinto, immigrated to Texas before May 30, 1831, when he received a league in Stephen F. Austin's second colony. In 1833 he opened a trading post at the mouth of Sanders Creek, in what is now Lamar County. The area at that time was under the jurisdiction of Arkansas, and in 1835 Cravens signed a petition submitted to Miller County, Arkansas, asking that a new township be established. At the beginning of the Texas Revolution, however, he joined the revolutionary army; he served as a private in Company C, First Regiment of Texas Volunteers, at the battle of San Jacinto. He returned to Lamar County, where he died before February 14, 1838, when Samuel M. Fulton, administrator of Cravens's estate, applied for his headright certificate.


Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). A. W. Neville, The History of Lamar County, Texas (Paris, Texas: North Texas, 1937; rpt. 1986).


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"CRAVENS, ROBERT M.," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.