CREUZBAUER, EDMUND (1826–1871). Edmund Creuzbauer, also known as Creuzbaur, Confederate officer, was born in Baden, Prussia, on September 22, 1826. After serving as an artillery officer in the Prussian Army, Creuzbauer immigrated to Texas in the 1840s and settled at High Hill in Fayette County. On January 17, 1853, Creuzbauer married Eliza Welhausen at Cat Springs, Austin County.
On October 12, 1861, following the outbreak of the Civil War, Creuzbauer raised company A of the Fifth Texas Field Artillery, consisting primarily of German immigrants, in Fayette County. This unit assembled at Camp Brown, with Creuzbauer serving as captain, relocated to Ringgold barracks in November 1862, and was assigned to garrison duty in the Rio Grande valley throughout 1863. In the autumn of 1863 Creuzbauer and his unit were ordered to return to Central Texas to refit with larger guns. A controversy arose over the failure of the unit to receive new weapons, as well as Creuzbauer's ability as a commander, compelling Creuzbauer to submit his resignation on March 31, 1864. This resignation was under review when, in April 1864, Creuzbauer was ordered to the post at Sabine Pass on the Texas Gulf Coast near Louisiana to assist Confederate efforts to counter Union attacks at the nearby Calcasieu Pass. On May 6, Creuzbauer assisted in attacks on Union troops who were collecting livestock at Calcasieu Pass. This action culminated in the capture of Union gunboats Granite City and Wave. Shortly after the battle of Calcasieu Pass, Creuzbauer's resignation was accepted, and he returned to farming along Buckners Creek in Fayette County, leaving command of the unit to his brother-in-law Charles Welhausen. Creuzbauer died on March 5, 1871, in Fayette County, Texas. He was buried at Old High Hill Cemetery in High Hill, Fayette County.
Alwyn Barr, "The Battle of Calcasieu Pass," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, 66 (July 1962). Paul C. Boethel, The Big Guns of Fayette (Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1965). Fayette County Historical Markers (http://www.forttours.com/pages/hmfayette.asp#Battery), accessed July 13, 2006. James A. Mundie, Jr., with Bruce S. Allardice, Dean E. Letzring, and John H. Luckey, Texas Burial Sites of Civil War Notables: A Biographical and Pictorial Field Guide (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill College Press, 2002).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Aragorn Storm Miller, "Creuzbauer, Edmund," accessed January 19, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcr93.
Uploaded on March 30, 2011. Modified on April 11, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.