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CURETON, J. J. (ca. 1826–1881). J. J. (Jack) Cureton, one of the first settlers of Palo Pinto County, was born about 1826 and came to Texas during the Mexican War with Company H of Col. Archibald Yell's regiment of Arkansas volunteers. After being discharged at San Antonio in 1846, he returned to Arkansas and married Elizabeth Price. In 1852 he joined the gold rush and took some cattle to California; in the winter of 1854 he returned to Texas, where he settled on Keechi Creek. He was in command of his neighbors at a battle at Salt Creek in 1858, and in December 1860 he was a member of a group of citizen soldiers that met and killed Chief Peta Nocona. On March 15, 1861, he enlisted in the Confederate Army and raised a company of which he was elected captain. After serving until 1863 he returned home to become captain of a company of militia in the Frontier Regiment. In 1870 Cureton guided an immigrant train of seventy persons overland to California, and from 1876 to 1880 he served as sheriff of Bosque County. He died on May 12, 1881, and was buried in the family cemetery near Walnut Springs. A grandson, Calvin Maples Cureton, served as attorney general of Texas from 1918 to 1921 and chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court from 1921 to 1940.


J. Marvin Hunter, Trail Drivers of Texas (2 vols., San Antonio: Jackson Printing, 1920, 1923; 4th ed., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985). Buckley B. Paddock, History of Texas: Fort Worth and the Texas Northwest Edition (4 vols., Chicago: Lewis, 1922).

Carolyn Hyman


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Carolyn Hyman, "CURETON, J. J.," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.