Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


DEWALT, O. P. (ca. 1890–1931). O. P. DeWalt, civil-rights leader, the son of John and Caroline DeWalt, was born near Livingston, Polk County, Texas, probably around 1890. He attended a rural school in the area and entered Prairie View College in 1907. He graduated with high honors in 1910. DeWalt moved to Houston, where he worked as a real estate agent with T. M. Fairchild. In 1913 he married Maud Pernetter; they had one son. For a brief period DeWalt worked as principal of Independent Heights School before opening the Lincoln Theater, the first exclusively black theater in Houston. During the 1920s he was president of the Houston branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. During the time when the Ku Klux Klan experienced a resurgence in activity, DeWalt was heralded as an influential civil-rights leader who stood up to the KKK. He was involved in the white primary fight in which the Democratic party excluded black participation, and he also pushed for the establishment of a branch of the National Urban League in Houston. DeWalt remained NAACP president until his death. He was assassinated on April 24, 1931. Funeral services were held first in Houston and then in Livingston, where he was buried.


Michael L. Gillette, The NAACP in Texas, 1937–1957 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1984). Darlene Clark Hine, Black Victory: The Rise and Fall of the White Primary in Texas (Millwood, New York: KTO Press, 1979). Houston Informer and Texas Freeman, May 2, 1931.

Laurie E. Jasinski

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Laurie E. Jasinski, "DEWALT, O. P.," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.