FOSTER, JAMES M.
FOSTER, JAMES M. (1815?–?). James M. Foster, Calhoun County cattleman, had homes on Chocolate Bayou, at Old Town, and at other places in the county. By 1849 or earlier he shipped beef by steamship from Indianola to New Orleans, thus opening the first reliable market for Texas beef. Thomas O'Connor sold him one of his first shipments at ten dollars a head, a price that increased by 1857 to between sixteen and twenty dollars a head. The 1860 census lists Foster as a native of Kentucky, aged forty-five, with a wife, Mary. The beef trade ceased in 1861 but resumed after the Civil War. Foster conducted the business through purchasing agents who visited ranches across the county. He shipped his cattle by the Morgan Lines, on which he secured by charter the entire carrying capacity north to Texas ports. He later used the Vanderbilt line. In competition with Silvanus Hatch, Foster also provided animal pens and hotel service for drovers across Chocolate Creek from Hatch's property.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Diana J. Kleiner, "Foster, James M.," accessed July 01, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffo40.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.