GOTTLIEB, BERNHARD (1886–1950). Bernhard Gottlieb, physician and dentist, was born in 1886 in Kúty, Austria (later Czechoslovakia). He received his doctor of medicine degree from the University of Vienna and a doctorate in medical dentistry from the University of Bonn. He belonged to a group of Viennese scientists who originated periodontics, orthodontics, pedodontics, endodontics, and oral surgery. When the Nazis became prominent in Austria, Gottlieb left Vienna and went to Palestine, where he worked to build up the dental profession. He moved to the United States in 1940 and was associated briefly with Columbia University and the University of Michigan before moving to Baylor College of Dentistry in Dallas. At Baylor he assumed the position of professor and head of the Department of Pathology and Research. He held that position until he died. He wrote hundreds of scientific articles and four textbooks and is responsible for the beginnings of oral histology. His oral histology slide collection at Baylor College of Dentistry is unique; information preserved on the slides continues to be used in teaching and research programs. He is acknowledged to be the first dentist to integrate basic science information with clinical treatment. He died on March 15, 1950.
W. L. Davis and R. G. Jones, "A Look at the Gottlieb Collection, " Baylor Dental Journal, January 1985. Natalie Ornish, Pioneer Jewish Texans (Dallas: Texas Heritage, 1989).
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