GREENE, HARRY WASHINGTON
GREENE, HARRY WASHINGTON (1896–1952). Harry Washington Greene, African-American college administrator, was born in New Bern, North Carolina, on February 28, 1896. His parents, Elvin and Sophia (Dudley) Greene, were poor and illiterate. Greene entered the public school system when he was eight and graduated as valedictorian in 1911. He later studied at the National Training School (now North Carolina State College in Durham) from 1911 to 1913. He attended Lincoln University in Pennsylvania from 1913 until 1917 and while there was president of five student organizations (including the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peopleqv) simultaneously. Green entered graduate school at Lincoln in 1917 and received an A.M. in 1918. He was the founder and first president of the Isaac N. Rendell Education Society and was awarded a teacher's fellowship. He won many honors while at Lincoln in oratory, Latin, and Greek. Later, when he was at Yale (1919–20), Green was a member of the Yale Classics Society and secretary of the campus Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. On September 9, 1920, he married Leola Stanley. He earned a master's in education from Columbia in 1927.
In 1922 Greene was appointed Dean of Samuel Huston College in Austin (now Huston-Tillotson College). During his tenure at Samuel Huston, he was one of four black men selected for the Texas Educational Survey in 1924 and the first black man to conduct the Central Texas Teachers' Institute (1925). In 1926 he was a member of the board of trustees at Samuel Huston and Secretary of the Association of Texas Colleges for Negroes. After his term was completed in 1928, Green became dean at Prairie View State College (now Prairie View A&M University), a post he held until 1930; he was also the director and organizer of the college's Bureau of Research. He wrote "The Value of an Independent Mentality; a Survey for Texas Schools" (Texas Standard, July 1928) and The PhD and the Negro (1928) and was associate editor of the Negro American Magazine from 1927 until 1930.
In 1930 Greene moved to West Virginia to serve as director of the School of Education at West Virginia State College, a position he held for twenty-two years. While there he published a number of books and articles, including Criteria of Teacher Excellence (1933), Negro Leaders (1936), An Adventure in Experimental Cooperative Teaching (1938), Financing Higher Education in West Virginia (1945), and Holders of Doctorates Among American Negroes (1946). Greene was a member of the African Methodist Episcopal Church and active in a number of civic and professional organizations and fraternities including Alpha Pi Mu, Phi Kappa Theta, the National Society for the Study of Education, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and the National Advisory Committee on Negro Education. He died on February 18, 1952, at his home in Institute, West Virginia, after four days of illness.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Kharen Monsho, "Greene, Harry Washington," accessed August 25, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgraw.
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