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GUERRERO, VICENTE RAMÓN (1782–1831). Vicente Ramón Guerrero, leader of Mexican rebels against Spanish rule and president of Mexico, the son of Juan Pedro Guerrero and María Guadalupe Saldaño, was born in Textla, Mexico, on August 1, 1782. He became the leader of guerrilla forces in the Mexican war of independence and in 1824 won the vice presidency of Mexico. In 1828 Manuel Gómez Pedraza defeated him for the presidency, but with Pedraza's enforced resignation, Guerrero was recognized as president on April 1, 1829. His relationship to Texas history is through the Guerrero Decree, which was regarded as a confiscation of property and so alarmed the vested interests in Mexico that it led to a revolt against him. Anastasio Bustamante succeeded him as chief executive on January 1, 1830, and Guerrero was shot by a firing squad on February 14, 1831.


Mario S. Guerrero, Vicente Guerrero's Struggle for Mexican Independence, 1810–1821 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1977). Eugene Wilson Harrell, Vicente Guerrero and the Birth of Modern Mexico (Ph.D. dissertation, Tulane University, 1976). José María Lafragua, Vicente Guerrero (Mexico City: PRI Comisión Nacional Editorial, 1976). Antonio Magana Esquivel, Guerrero, el héroe del sur (Mexico City: Ediciones Xochitl, 1946). William F. Sprague, The Life of Vicente Guerrero, Mexican Revolutionary Patriot, 1782–1831 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1934).

Robert Bruce Blake


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Robert Bruce Blake, "GUERRERO, VICENTE RAMON," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 24, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.