GUTIÉRREZ, JUSEPE (ca. 1572–?). Jusepe Gutiérrez (Jusephe, José, Joseph), a native of Culhuacan, a short distance north of Mexico City, was a Mexican Indian servant of Antonio Gutiérrez de Humaña, a lieutenant in the illegal expedition of Francisco Leyva de Bonilla. Following the murder of Bonilla by Humaña, Jusepe, along with five other Mexican Indians deserted the expedition somewhere on the high plains. Jusepe was captured by a wandering band of Apache Indians and held prisoner for a year. On hearing of the Spaniards in New Mexico he escaped to the Pecos pueblos, where he was found by Juan de Oñate at Picuries on February 16, 1599. He guided Oñate to Quivira in 1601. Jusepe was the only known survivor of the Bonilla expedition.
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Arizona and New Mexico, 1530–1888 (San Francisco: History Company, 1889; facsimile ed., Albuquerque: Horn and Wallace, 1962). Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). George P. Hammond and Agapito Rey, The Rediscovery of New Mexico, 1580–1594 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1966).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article."GUTIERREZ, JUSEPE," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgubk), accessed February 05, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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