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HADEN, JOHN MILLER

HADEN, JOHN MILLER (1825–1892). John Miller Haden, physician, professor at the Medical Branch of the University of Texas (now the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston), and public-health specialist, son of Robert D. and Sarah (McGowen) Haden, Jr., was born on May 25, 1825, in Lowndes County, Mississippi. After attending Jackson College at Columbia, Tennessee, he graduated from La Grange College (Alabama) and in 1847 received his M.D. degree from the Medical College of the University of New Orleans. President James K. Polk commissioned him assistant surgeon in the United States Army in December 1847; Haden was assigned to duty under Gen. Winfield Scott and was with him at the fall of Veracruz. He remained in the army after the Mexican War as medical officer in the party that escorted the civil officials of Oregon Territory to their posts. When the Civil War began Haden was stationed at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas. He resigned his commission and entered the Confederate Army medical corps. In 1864 he became chief of the medical bureau of the Trans-Mississippi Department, the headquarters of which were at Marshall, Texas.

At the close of the war he went to Galveston and practiced medicine. In 1873, when the first board of trustees of the Medical Branch of the University of Texas appointed examiners for professorships at the new school, Haden was selected to teach materia medica and therapeutics. When yellow fever spread through many communities in the Gulf states in 1878, Haden, as president of the Galveston Board of Health, placed the city under such a strict quarantine that no case of yellow fever developed there even though thousands died in other places. Although the quarantine was very unpopular with some business people, the citizens of Galveston recognized Haden's contributions with a testimonial in 1880, when he retired from the health department.

On January 8, 1868, Dr. Haden married Sarah Best Brannum, daughter of Texas Navy officer William Thomas Brannum. The Hadens had three children. Haden died on October 25, 1892, in Philadelphia, where he had been visiting his sons, who were studying medicine there. Both Dr. and Mrs. Haden are buried in Trinity Episcopal Cemetery in Galveston.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Galveston Daily News, April 11, 1917. William Manning Morgan, Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church, Galveston (Houston: Anson Jones Press, 1954). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978).

Mary Smith Fay

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Mary Smith Fay, "HADEN, JOHN MILLER," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhabt), accessed April 19, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.