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HUÍZAR, PEDRO (1740–?). Pedro Huízar, surveyor, sculptor, and judge, was born at Aguascalientes, Mexico, in 1740. In 1778 he married María de la Trinidad Henriques. They had at least four children, a daughter and three sons; the eldest son, José Antonio Huízar, later became alcalde at San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission in San Antonio. After his first wife died, Huízar married María Gertrudis Martínez, the widow of Juan Antonio Flores, on February 5, 1798. In 1790 he was commissioned by Governor Manuel Muñoz to draw up plans for the reconstruction of San Antonio de Béxar Presidio and to propose improvements for its defenses. The drawings were submitted along with estimates, but the plans were never executed. On March 4, 1791, he was sent to La Bahía to report on the feasibility of irrigation for lands around Nuestra Señora de Loreto Presidio, but he concluded that the cost would be prohibitive.

Huízar was appointed to the position of surveyor when San Antonio de Valero Mission was secularized on April 11, 1793. He was present when Governor Muñoz distributed the lands to twenty-three adult Indians, and for his services he also received a small parcel of that land. Huízar surveyed the lands of missions San Francisco de Espada, San Juan Capistrano, San José y San Miguel de Aguayo, and Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña when they were partially secularized in July 1794. He received land for these surveys at San José and Concepción. In 1794 he was appointed justicia at San José by Governor Muñoz, and in 1796 he was justicia at Concepción, where he was appointed to oversee the temporal affairs of the Indians.

Huízar is most famous for the sculpture surrounding the window of the sacristy at San José Mission. There is no documentation that proves that he was the sculptor, but the fact that he was living in the vicinity of San José in the 1780s supports the theories that he was the artist in charge of the rose window and the façade. There are several variations of the legend concerning Huízar's connection with the rose window. Most of them contend that as a young man he was trained as a sculptor in Spain and sailed to the New World to seek his fortune. According to a few of the legends the rose window was so called because it was dedicated by the mourning sculptor to a lost love named Rosa or Rosita.

Marion A. Habig, San Antonio's Mission San José (San Antonio: Naylor, 1968).
Rebecca H. Green

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Rebecca H. Green, "Huizar, Pedro," accessed August 21, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.