HUGHES, JOE [GUITAR]
Photograph by James Fraher.
HUGHES, JOE [GUITAR] (1937–2003). Joe “Guitar” Hughes, blues singer and guitarist, son of James Hughes and Harriet Hughes, was born Joe Maurice Hughes in Houston, Texas, on September 29, 1937. Starting at age fifteen and continuing for most of the next fifty years, Hughes performed professionally in a variety of Houston venues, small and large. There he developed the musical skills and stage presence that earned him critical acclaim, recording opportunities at home and abroad, and featured appearances at national and European blues festivals.
Though a native of Houston’s Fourth Ward, Hughes spent most of his formative years residing and performing in the adjacent Third Ward. There Hughes met many famous blues guitarists—including Sam “Lightnin’” Hopkins, Albert Collins, Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown, Johnny “Guitar” Watson, and Texas Johnny Brown—whose playing styles he gradually absorbed (along with that of T-Bone Walker, whom he first heard on recordings) and synthesized into his own hybrid blend.
In 1952 Hughes founded the Dukes of Rhythm with Johnny Copeland and Herbert Henderson; that group later added James Johnson and, through the mid-1950s, regularly played Galveston venues such as the Woodlake Inn, Arlie’s Groovy Grill, and others. From 1958 through 1963 Hughes worked mainly in the Third Ward, anchoring his own band seven nights a week at Shady’s Playhouse.
In 1958 at Houston’s Gold Star Studios (which later became SugarHill Recording Studios), Hughes made his debut recordings, released on a 45-rpm single on the Kangaroo Records label owned by local musician and producer Henry Hayes. From 1963 through 1972 Hughes also recorded for various other producers and released singles on labels such as Gallant, Golden Eagle, Jetstream, Boogaloo, Sound Plus, and S.B.I.
In 1963 Hughes first toured beyond the region as a guitarist with the Upsetters, a group (led by saxophonist Grady Gaines and later known as the Texas Upsetters) that backed various featured artists (such as Fats Domino and the duo Sam and Dave) in a nationally-popular revue. From 1964 through 1966 Hughes played lead guitar in another band that toured the United States with star singer Bobby Bland, followed by a similar stint from 1967 through 1969 when he accompanied singer Al “TNT” Braggs.
Listen to this artist
Following a period of relative obscurity from the mid-1970s through the early 1980s, Hughes re-emerged beyond Houston in 1985 with a featured appearance onstage at the Muziekcentrum Vredenburg in Utrecht, Holland, for Blues Estafette, an annual event at which he ultimately performed at least six times through the subsequent fifteen years. His success with European audiences reinvigorated his career, leading to additional festival appearances overseas and in the U. S., as well as his most productive phase as a songwriter and recording artist.
In 1986 Hughes recorded tracks for the Double Trouble label (a Dutch label) for Texas Guitar Masters, an album in the LP format featuring Hughes and fellow Houston blues guitarist Pete Mayes. In 1987 Hughes released his debut solo LP, Craftsman, on the same label. That same year he also issued his album Movin’ On in the cassette-tape format for the Rollin label, followed by This One’s for You on the Estox imprint in 1988. The highlights of Hughes’s recording career comprise the five solo albums he released on CD for various labels: If You Want to See the Blues (Black Top Records, 1989), Live at Vredenburg (Double Trouble, 1993), Down & Depressed: Dangerous (Munich Records, 1993), Texas Guitar Slinger (Bullseye Blues, 1996), and Stuff Like That (Blues Express, 2001). He was also featured in two documentary films—Battle of the Guitars (1985) produced by Alan Govenar and Third Ward Blues (1999) by Heather Korb.
Following a brief marriage in 1955 to Ella Louise Joseph, in 1961 Hughes met and married Willie Lee (Mae) Hudgins, his wife for the last forty-two years of his life. Hughes fathered seven daughters and two sons. After suffering a heart attack, Hughes died at Memorial Hermann Hospital in Houston on May 20, 2003. He was buried in Hudgins Cemetery in the Hudgins Settlement near Bay City, Texas.
Andy Bradley and Roger Wood, House of Hits: The Story of Houston’s Gold Star/SugarHill Recording Studios (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010). Houston Chronicle, May 23, 2003. Joe Hughes, “I Still Leave a Little Dirt on My Strings,” Interview by John Anthony Brisbin, Living Blues 140 (July/August 1998). “Joe Guitar Hughes: Discography,” Blues Express Records (http://www.bluesexpress.com/records/br_hughesdis.html), accessed September 4, 2010. “Obituaries: Joe ‘Guitar’ Hughes,” Living Blues 169 (September/October 2003). Roger Wood, Down in Houston: Bayou City Blues (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003). Roger Wood, “Houston Blues: Local Hero Joe ‘Guitar’ Hughes Knows Success Takes More Than Talent,” Houston Press, July 29, 1999 (http://www.houstonpress.com/1999-07-29/music/houston-blues/), accessed August 3, 2010.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Roger Wood, "Hughes, Joe [Guitar] ," accessed May 01, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhu97.
Uploaded on May 3, 2013. Modified on October 24, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles