JOHNSON, MOSES (1808–1853). Moses Johnson, doctor and treasurer of the Republic of Texas, was born in Virginia in 1808. He was an ensign in the Thirty-first Regiment of Infantry in New York in 1832 and was discharged on April 8, 1833. In 1833–34 he studied medicine in Woodstock, New York. He established a medical practice in Knoxville, Illinois, and sometime in the mid-1830s married Olivia Huggins; they had four children. Johnson moved to Texas in the late 1830s. On May 9, 1839, he was given permission by Ashbel Smith to practice medicine and surgery in Harrisburg and Liberty counties until the medical committee should convene. Before December 1840 he moved to Austin, where on December 14 he was elected mayor and on December 22 was appointed justice of the peace. He was a Mason and served as the grand marshal of the Grand Lodge of Texas in 1844. On December 14, 1844, he was appointed treasurer of the republic by Anson Jones. He owned the building in which the treasurer's office was housed; it burned in September 1845. In April 1846 he was a member of a Democratic committee that marked the beginnings of the Democratic party in Texas. Johnson was appointed inspector and collector of revenue for the port of Lavaca on April 3, 1848. He died of yellow fever on October 2, 1853. A state historical marker was erected in his honor in Port Lavaca in 1975.
Austin History Center Files. Claude W. Dooley, comp., Why Stop? (Odessa: Lone Star Legends, 1978; 2d ed., with Betty Dooley and the Texas Historical Commission, Houston: Lone Star, 1985). Moses Johnson Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Texas National Register, November 15, 1845. Homer S. Thrall, A Pictorial History of Texas (St. Louis: Thompson, 1879).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Laurie E. Jasinski, "Johnson, Moses," accessed February 12, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fjo21.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles