KINKAID, MARGARET HUNTER
KINKAID, MARGARET HUNTER (1874–1951). Margaret Hunter Kinkaid, founder of the Kinkaid School in Houston, was born Margaret (Maggie) Bell Culbertson Hunter in Houston, Texas, on April 29, 1874, the youngest of five children of William and Mary Barret (Allen) Hunter. Her grandfather, Dr. Johnson Calhoun Hunter, was one of the Old Three Hundred, and her father was a Confederate veteran. Margaret attended the Clopper Institute and qualified as a teacher in Houston, where she taught at Hawthorne elementary school. In 1899 she married William J. Kinkaid; the couple had two sons. After her marriage, Mrs. Kinkaid found to her dismay that married women were not allowed to teach in the Houston public school system. In September 1904 she invited seven students to begin classes in her home on the corner of San Jacinto and Elgin streets. She interrupted her teaching briefly before the birth of her second son in 1906, but she soon resumed classes and later preferred to cite 1906 as the official beginning of the Kinkaid School.
By the 1920s the school had outgrown Mrs. Kinkaid's house, and she agreed to work with a board of directors to acquire a new site. This board, which included some of the most influential men in Houston in 1924, worked under her direction to raise money and plan the new school. The board had nothing to do with the actual operation of the school, a responsibility Mrs. Kinkaid insisted should be left entirely to her. She encouraged a variety of "enrichment experiences" for students and made it possible for all students to take part in drama and speech classes along with their regular studies. She was a Christian Scientist and considered her school to be under God's direction. The school prospered under her leadership and that of her son, William, who served as principal from about 1941 to 1951. Mrs. Kinkaid retired in 1951 and selected her successor, John H. Cooper. She died on December 20, 1951, as the result of an automobile accident.
Susan Hillebrandt Santangelo, Kinkaid and Houston: 75 Years (Houston, 1981).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Susan H. Santangelo, "KINKAID, MARGARET HUNTER," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fki47), accessed February 11, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles