LEWIS, WILLIAM T.
Listen to this artist
LEWIS, WILLIAM T. (1905–1971). William (Willie) Lewis, jazz clarinetist and bandleader, was born on June 10, 1905, in Cleburne, Texas. He grew up in Dallas and began his performing career playing in a Texas variety theater. He trained in the New England Conservatory of Music. While in the East he auditioned for and earned a place in the Will Marion Cook Orchestra. Soon thereafter he left Cook's group to join the Sam Wooding Band, which performed at the Nest Club in New York, and he traveled with the band to Europe. Beginning in 1925 Lewis toured South America, North Africa, and Europe with Wooding's Symphonic Syncopators. When the band broke up in 1931, he formed his own band, Willie Lewis and His Entertainers, with some members of the old group.
During the 1930s he was the first prominent black expatriate jazz bandleader in Europe. Lewis played alto and baritone saxophone as well as clarinet; he also performed as a singer. His shows featured such jazz musicians as pianist Herman (Ivory) Chittison, alto saxophonist Benny Carter, tenor saxophonist Frank (Big Boy) Goudie, and trumpet great Bill Coleman. While in Paris, Lewis and the Entertainers recorded for the French label Disques Swing.
Despite its success, the group disbanded in 1941, and Lewis returned to New York. During the 1940s and 1950s he faded from the jazz scene. He occupied himself briefly with acting, but earned his living primarily as a waiter in Harlem. His musical works include Christopher Columbus (1936), Swinging for a Swiss Miss (1937), Happy Feet (1941), and Willie Lewis and His Entertainers (1985), a compilation highlighting trumpeter Bill Coleman. Lewis died in New York on January 13, 1971. In 1988 an additional compilation recording, Willie Lewis in Paris, was released.
Barry Kernfeld, ed., The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz (London: Macmillan, 1988). New York Times, July 7, 1985. New Yorker, July 1, 1985.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Peggy Hardman, "Lewis, William T.," accessed May 05, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fle66.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on August 10, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles