MARTIN, LEONIDAS M.
MARTIN, LEONIDAS M. (1824–1904). Leonidas M. Martin, farmer, merchant, tavern owner, and Confederate officer, was born in Madison County, Alabama, on July 22, 1824, the son of Charles Wingfield and Mariah S. Martin. Martin was raised in Alabama as a Methodist. In the 1840s, Martin moved to Texas, settling in McKinney, Collin County. There, he engaged in farming, as well as owned and operated a tavern, and later served as justice of the peace. On July 16, 1848, Martin married Eliza F. White in Red River County, Texas. Around this time the couple became guardians of a girl who they raised as their daughter. By 1860 Martin was among the leading citizens of Collin County, boasting $2,250 in total property.
When the Civil War began, Martin volunteered for service in the Confederate army, joining the Sixth Texas Cavalry Regiment as first lieutenant for Company K. Martin was given command of that company and promotion to captain on July 5, 1862. Later in the summer, he was transferred to the Tenth Texas Cavalry Battalion, receiving promotion to major on October 23, 1862. On February 6, 1863, Martin received promotion to colonel and was given command of the Fifth Texas Partisan Rangers, a cavalry unit formed by the consolidation of the Ninth and Tenth Texas Cavalry battalions. With this unit, Martin participated in several engagements, including the battles of Honey Creek and Massard's Prairie in the Indian Territory of present-day Arkansas and Oklahoma. Martin was with the Fifth Texas Partisan Rangers when they were surrendered on March 26, 1865. Following the war, Martin returned to McKinney, Texas, and resumed his leadership in the community. In 1867 he was worth $2,200 in total property. In the 1880s he moved to Dallas. Martin died in Dallas on March 2, 1904, and was buried at Oak Cliff Cemetery in Dallas.
5th Texas Partisan Cavalry Regiment (http://www.bauer.uh.edu/parks/tex/crg005a.html), accessed July 10, 2006. "A Guide to the Confederate States of America," Box 2C490, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. James A. Mundie, Jr., with Bruce S. Allardice, Dean E. Letzring, and John H. Luckey, Texas Burial Sites of Civil War Notables: A Biographical and Pictorial Field Guide (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill College Press, 2002). Re: Leonidas M. Martin--Collin County, Texas (http://genforum.genealogy.com/martin/messages/18715.html), accessed July 10, 2006. Rita Bickley Roose, Records of Reconstruction Days in Collin County (McKinney, Texas: Spring Hill Press, 1981).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Aragorn Storm Miller, "Martin, Leonidas M.," accessed January 22, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmaau.
Uploaded on April 5, 2011. Modified on May 10, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.