MARTIN, CLYDE INEZ
MARTIN, CLYDE INEZ (1909–1981). Clyde Inez Martin, education professor and teacher, was born in Hope, Arkansas, on November 21, 1909, the daughter of James Henry and Clara (Talley) Martin. After graduating from Hope High School in 1926, she entered Arkansas State Teachers College at the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville in 1928. She alternated study with work in order to pay for her schooling and from 1932 to 1939 taught social sciences for grades four through six at Blevins, Arkansas. She received a bachelor of science degree from the University of Houston in 1940 and a master of science degree from the University of Arkansas in 1942. Despite poor health that kept her away from education on numerous occasions and for all of 1945, Martin quickly developed a love and strong reputation for teaching. Between 1940 and 1946 she was assistant supervisor in the Laboratory Elementary School at the University of Arkansas, a part-time instructor at the University of Arkansas, and an elementary school principal at Fort Smith, Arkansas. In 1947 she joined the faculty of the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at the University of Texas as a teaching fellow; the following year she was made an instructor. She completed her Ph.D. at UT in 1952 and, after promotion to professor in 1961, was the only female full professor in the department for a number of years. Her main interests were humanities and elementary education, and she remained an enthusiastic teacher until her retirement in 1977. In 1965 she received an award for excellence in teaching, and in 1975 she was nominated for best graduate teacher. In 1977 she was appointed professor emeritus. She also spent several summer sessions as a visiting professor at universities throughout the United States.
Martin wrote extensively, especially on education and art and history for young children. She coauthored a series of supplementary readers for grades three through six that was adopted for Texas public schools, a series of art books for grades one through eight that was adopted in several states, and many other books and articles in the field of education. She also made a TV program at KLRN called "What is a Teacher?" It was used as a basis for a UT course, Program Development in Early Childhood Education. Martin was the founder of the kindergarten program at Casis Elementary School in Austin when the school was connected with the university and many years before public kindergartens were authorized in Texas. The school was especially known for its excellence in fostering creativity, both intellectual and artistic, and for its problem-solving approach to science and social studies. Martin was an engaging lecturer and spoke frequently at conferences. She also served as a consultant to many Texas schools and to the government of Brazil in the development of a demonstration school in Natal. She died on April 21, 1981.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Jayne Brooks, "Martin, Clyde Inez," accessed September 25, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmayb.
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