MCLENNON, JOHN (1855–1888). John McLennon, musician and Medal of Honor recipient, was born in 1855 at Fort Belknap, Texas. He entered military service at Fort Ellis, Montana, and was with Company A, Seventh Infantry, United States Army, on August 9, 1877. Company A and five other undermanned infantry companies totaling 200 men were under the command of Col. John Gibbon. They had been pursuing Chief Joseph and his band of Nez Percé Indians up the Bitterroot Valley of Montana. On the night of August 8 Gibbon found Chief Joseph and his village of some 700 men, women, and children, as well as 1,500 ponies, in a meadow on the south side of the Big Hole River. Chief Joseph appears to have been unaware of Gibbon's approach. On the morning of August 9 the soldiers attacked the unsuspecting village. The Indians were initially routed, but regrouped and counterattacked. The troops were engaged during the night of the ninth and all of the next day against the skillful leadership of Chief Joseph. Feeling that he had gained a moral victory, Chief Joseph ordered a withdrawal, leaving more than eighty of his people, thirty of them warriors, dead on the battlefield. Gibbon lost thirty-three officers and soldiers; some forty more were wounded. McLennon was cited for "bravery in action" and issued the Medal of Honor on December 2, 1878. He died on May 14, 1888, at Rock Springs, Wyoming, and is buried in St. Joseph's Catholic Cemetery there.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Art Leatherwood, "McLennon, John," accessed May 05, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmcnm.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles