Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


MERRICK, GEORGE WASHINGTON (1831–1890). George Washington Merrick, farmer, law enforcement agent, and Confederate cavalry officer, was born on June 1, 1831, in Humphreys County, Tennessee, to Griffith Merrick and Elizabeth Hall. In1839 the family moved to Lamar County, Texas, where Griffith Merrick was a farmer. In 1853 George Merrick moved to California to seek his fortune in the gold fields, but he stayed only a few months before returning to Texas and farming. In 1860 he joined a "ranging service on the frontier," and on October 6 of that year he married Frances C. Hudson in Fannin County, Texas. The couple had ten children.

In 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, George Merrick joined Company C of the Twenty-second Texas Cavalry as a private. By June of that year he was promoted to major by Lt. Col. Edmund Kirby Smith at Camp Allston. It is believed that one of his duties was to return to the Fannin County area and retrieve men missing from the camp. Throughout the war Merrick served in Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana. He fought in battles at Newtonia, Missouri; Mansura, Louisiana; and Yellow Bayou, Louisiana. After the May 18, 1864, battle at Yellow Bayou, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and commanded the Twenty-second until the end of the war.

After the war, George Merrick settled in Fannin County where he farmed. His wife Frances died in 1881, and he followed nearly a decade later on December 14, 1890. The couple were buried next to each other in the Ladonia Cemetery in Fannin County.


Biographical Souvenir of the State of Texas (Chicago: Battey, 1889; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Mary Helen Haines, "A Short History of the 22nd, 31st and 34th Texas Cavalries of North Texas" (, accessed April 19, 2011.

Stephanie Piefer Niemeyer

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Stephanie Piefer Niemeyer, "MERRICK, GEORGE WASHINGTON ," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on April 26, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.