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MOORE, JOHN MATTHEW

MOORE, JOHN MATTHEW (1862–1940). John Matthew Moore, "Jaybird," United States congressman, and cattleman, the son of Dr. Matthew A. and Henrietta (Huddlestone) Moore, was born on November 18, 1862, in Richmond, Texas. After attending the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University), he became bookkeeper and salesman for a Richmond business in 1879 and managed the family farm. In 1883 he married Lottie Dyer and became manager of her land and cattle interests; they had three sons and two daughters. From 1888 to 1892 Moore was the president of the Fort Bend County Jaybird Democratic Association (see JAYBIRD-WOODPECKER WAR). He served one term in the Texas Legislature in 1896 and in 1905 was elected to the United States Congress from the Eighth District. He served on the immigration and naturalization committee and worked to secure federal aid for Texas waterways, including the first appropriation for the Houston Ship Channel. He was a delegate to the Democratic national convention in 1900 and in 1916. After four terms in Congress, Moore did not seek reelection but retired in March 1913 and engaged in cattle raising on his Fort Bend County ranch until his death, on February 3, 1940. He was buried in Richmond.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Biographical Directory of the American Congress (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1859-). Cattleman, March 1940. Lewis E. Daniell, Texas-The Country and Its Men (Austin?, 1924?). U.S. Congress, Official Congressional Directory (Washington: GPO).

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Handbook of Texas Online, "Moore, John Matthew," accessed July 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmo31.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.