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OSWALD, THEODORE (1824–?). Theodore Oswald, newspaper editor and Confederate infantry officer, was born in Wurttemberg, Germany, around 1824. Before migrating to America, he married Theresa from Hanover, Germany, and the couple had two daughters. It is unclear when Oswald and his family immigrated to the United States but by 1854 he resided in San Antonio where he was the editor of the German newspaper Staats–Zeitung, which his brother had purchased from the abolitionist Dr. Adolf Douai. However, in 1858 the newspaper was sold, and by 1860 Oswald had moved his family to Galveston, Texas, When the Civil War began Oswald raised his own regiment—the Fourth Infantry Battalion, also known as the German Battalion—and served as major. Following the war he and his family moved to Columbus, Texas, where he worked as a merchant. No records beyond 1870 could be found for Theodore Oswald.


Minetta Altgelt Goyne, Lone Star and Double Eagle: Civil War Letters of a German-Texas Family (Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1982).

David Park and Stephanie P. Niemeyer


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

David Park and Stephanie P. Niemeyer , "OSWALD, THEODORE ," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on April 8, 2011. Modified on May 26, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.