PIERCE, JOHN LEONARD
PIERCE, JOHN LEONARD (1895–1959). John Leonard Pierce, United States Army general, was born on April 29, 1895, in Dallas, Texas, the son of Isabella (Archer) and Frank Cushman Pierce. He attended West Texas Military Academy (later Texas Military Institute, San Antonioqv) and the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University). On June 29, 1918, he married Kate Bodine Stone; they had three children. In June 1917 he was commissioned second lieutenant, United States Infantry; he served with the Eighth United States Infantry in Germany and advanced through various grades to brigadier general by June 1943. He was interested in the modern concept of mobile warfare and the development of armor. During World War II he served in many important capacities, including division commander of the Sixteenth Armored Division. His decorations included the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster and the Order of the White Lion and Military Cross of Czechoslovakia. After World War II Pierce was president of the secretary of war's Discharge Review Board. He retired in 1946 to Brownsville and died in San Antonio on February 12, 1959. He was buried at Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Kate Bodine Pierce, "Pierce, John Leonard," accessed June 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpi11.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.