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RAINS, JOHN D. (1824–?). John D. Rains, farmer and state representative, was born in Alabama, in 1824, the son of Marana (Anderson) and Emory Rains. The elder Rains immigrated with his family to Texas prior to the 1836 Texas Revolution, settling in eastern Texas near Shelby County. Emory Rains played a prominent role in Texas politics during the republic period as well as after Texas joined the United States. By 1841 the younger Rains had established himself as a farmer in Harrison County. Rains later relocated to Wood County where he continued farming and engaged in local and state politics. By 1860 he was worth $250 in personal property and owned 320 acres of land. He served as a delegate for Wood County to the Texas Secession Convention in January 1861. Rains opposed secession, siding with the Unionist delegates who issued an "Address to the People of Texas," on February 6, urging voters to remain within the United States. Later in 1861 Rains won election as representative for Wood County to the Ninth Texas Legislature, serving through 1862. Following the Civil War, in 1865, Rains won election as county judge for Wood County. In 1870, Rains County was established in honor of Emory Rains, and the younger Rains served as county clerk for that area. Rains died sometime after 1870.


Samuel Ussery and Nancy Stokes Hurt (, accessed January 4, 2007. C. W. Rains, "Enduring Laws of the Republic of Texas," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). Frank H. Smyrl, "Unionism in Texas, 1856–1861," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 68 (October 1964). Wood County, 1850–1900 (Quitman, Texas: Wood County Historical Society, 1976). Ralph A. Wooster, "An Analysis of the Membership of the Texas Secession Convention," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (January 1959).

Aragorn Storm Miller

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Aragorn Storm Miller, "RAINS, JOHN D.," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.