RIVAS, MARTIN DE
RIVAS, MARTÍN DE (?–1690). Martín de Rivas, a capitán de mar y guerra in the Armada de Barlovento, commanded two Spanish voyages from Veracruz in search of the French settlement established by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, on the Texas coast. With Capt. Pedro de Iriarte commanding a second vessel, the Rivas-Iriarte expedition sailed from Veracruz on December 25, 1686. It made a complete circumnavigation of the Gulf before returning to Veracruz the following July. Captain Rivas's chief pilot, Juan Enríquez Barroto, recorded events of the voyage in his diary, which has been translated and published in English. As commander of the expedition, Rivas undoubtedly contributed to the naming of Texas coastal features that appear in Enríquez's diary and were used on his map, which has disappeared. Rivas's duties during this period also included dislodging British logwood cutters who were poaching on the Campeche coast around the Laguna de Términos. He and Andrés de Pez were about to embark on such a mission when the viceroy sought their opinion on the testimony of a Frenchman called Jean Jarry, recently captured in Texas by Alonso De León. In consequence, the expedition to the Laguna de Términos was canceled and a new maritime search for the French colony-the fifth and last-sailed up the Gulf Coast toward Texas. The Rivas-Pez expedition left Veracruz on August 8, 1688, with the same two small vessels employed by Rivas and Iriarte. The voyage, including ascent of the Río Soto la Marina of Tamaulipas and the Rio Grande, as well as Matagorda Bay, is chronicled in the diary of Pedro Fernández Carrasco, which remains unpublished. With La Salle's colony at last found by Alonso De León, Rivas returned to the pursuit of poachers and pirates in the Gulf of Mexico. In 1690, he was slain in combat with pirates in or near the Laguna de Términos.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Robert S. Weddle, "Rivas, Martin De," accessed May 04, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fri26.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles