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ROYSTON, MART H. (ca. 1831–1890). Mart H. Royston, Confederate Army officer and state treasurer, was born in Alabama about 1831. With the outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted in the Eighth Texas Cavalry, more popularly known as the Terry's Texas Rangers, and was selected regimental adjutant. Major Royston was appointed assistant adjutant general to John A. Wharton on November 10, 1863. His brother Young Lea Royston was colonel of the Eighth Alabama Infantry in the Army of Northern Virginia. On June 25, 1866, Royston was elected Texas state treasurer; he was removed from office by Maj. Gen. Charles Griffin, the commander of the Military District of Texas, as "an impediment to reconstruction." Royston then moved to Galveston, where until his death in 1890 he served as clerk of the district criminal court. He was married to Betty Scott Withers. Their son, Mart H. Royston, Jr., was assistant district attorney and city attorney of Galveston and a member of the University of Texas Board of Regents.


James Knox Polk Blackburn, "Reminiscences of the Terry Rangers," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 22 (July, October 1918). Leonidas B. Giles, Terry's Texas Rangers (Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1911). S. C. Griffin, History of Galveston, Texas (Galveston: Cawston, 1931).

Thomas W. Cutrer

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Thomas W. Cutrer, "ROYSTON, MART H.," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 8, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.