Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon

RUNGE, HENRY

Logo for Adelsverein
The logo for the Verein zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, otherwise known as Adelsverein. Image available on the Internet. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
 Southern Methodist University, Central University Libraries, DeGolyer Library Augustus Carl Buchel (1813–1864)
Lawrence T. Jones III Texas Photographs,
DeGolyer Library, Central University Libraries,
Southern Methodist University
Grave of Henry Runge
Photograph, Grave of Henry Runge in Galveston. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

RUNGE, HENRY (1816–1873). Henry Runge, businessman, was born in Bremen, Germany, on April 11, 1816, the son of a large landowner. His younger brother became known as "Long" Runge, and Henry was called "Short" Runge. After receiving a thorough mercantile training he moved to Indianola, Texas, via Baltimore and New Orleans. In Indianola he established a general store in a tent and quickly became one of the most prominent and successful businessmen in Texas. He concentrated on shipping and banking and in 1845 established the first private unincorporated bank in Texas. He was appointed United States consul at Indian Point (Indianola) and had considerable contact with John O. Meusebach and the Adelsverein. In 1851 Runge married Julia Hornung, an immigrant from Hildesheim, Germany, who was eighteen years his junior. The couple had six children. A son, Henry J., founded Arcadia, Texas, where a Runge Park is located. In 1858 Runge helped organize the Indianola Railroad Company. In 1861, when the Civil War compelled the abandonment of many enterprises on the coast, Runge moved temporarily to New Braunfels, where he established a large cotton factory with machinery imported from England. In 1862 he supplied cannons to Col. Augustus Buchel for the defense of the coast. At the close of the war Runge reestablished his business house, H. Runge and Company, in Indianola, with branches in Victoria and Cuero. In 1866 the Runge family moved to Galveston, where Runge operated a business under the name of Kaufmann and Runge, with major interests in shipping, merchandising, and banking. In 1895 Runge's Cuero branch established the town of Nordheim, where the company had extensive holdings. Runge died in Galveston on March 16, 1873, leaving a seventy-five-page will that was said to be the longest ever probated in Texas. After his death his family moved to Hannover, Germany, where his children later became prominent in politics, publishing, and merchandising. Runge, Texas, was named after Henry Runge.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Galveston Daily News, March 18, 1873. Brownson Malsch, Indianola-The Mother of Western Texas (Austin: Shoal Creek, 1977). Annie Doom Pickrell, Pioneer Women in Texas (Austin: Steck, 1929).

Henry Hauschild

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Henry Hauschild, "Runge, Henry," accessed June 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fru12.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on May 4, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.