RYE, EDGAR (1848–1920). Edgar Rye, pioneer journalist and cartoonist, the eldest of seven children of Henry M. and Mary Ann Rye, was born on June 22, 1848, in the Danleyton area, Greenup County, Kentucky. His Irish father, born in the Virginia Territory, was a farmer and sometime storekeeper at Greenup, Kentucky. Edgar Rye first worked for "the Nighthawk, a hoodlum sheet in a back alley in Cincinnati," according to rival newsman George Robson. In 1876 Rye followed the Jacobs family of Greenup to Fort Griffin, Texas, and found employment as justice of the peace and county attorney for Shackelford County. He founded a newspaper, the Tomahawk, in 1879 and worked for it and its successors, the Western Sun and the Albany Sun from 1880 to 1882; he also worked as a cartoonist and town booster for the Albany Star (1883), operated by the Palo Pinto editor J. C. Son. During the 1880s Rye was superintendent and foreman for construction of the Albany courthouse, as well as general correspondent and Austin correspondent for the Fort Worth Gazette. He sent back a series of "Mexican Letters" to both the Gazette and the Albany News from Lerdo de Tejada, Vera Cruz, where he managed an oil and soap factory. He also joined the Los Angeles Cactus as cartoonist, participated in opening Oklahoma Territory, and managed a lumberyard at Moore, Oklahoma. He worked as advertisement and editorial page cartoon engraver for the Fort Worth Mail in 1889–90, then returned to Albany to operate the Albany Weekly News. His cartoons, caricatures, advertisement illustrations, and two series of articles, "Old Times in Texas" and "Character Sketches," which ultimately were incorporated into his Quirt and Spur (1909), were the outstanding features of this elaborate venture into journalism with co-owner S. F. Cook. Rye married Marie Turley Henderson, a schoolteacher of Seguin, Texas, in December 1891, and began the New Era at Rockport in 1892; during this time he also contributed to Texas Land News. Later he started the Graham Radiator (1894) and the Texas Coast News, Texas City (1896). By 1898 he was writing for the Wichita Falls Herald. He was also city clerk, recorder, and police court judge (1911–16) in Wichita Falls. His wife died in 1903, and in 1917 Rye married a woman named Gertrude in San Diego. He wrote unsuccessful western movie scripts for Hollywood and attempted to publish a Kentucky Civil War novel. He died on June 6, 1920, in Hollywood, California.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Charles E. Linck, Jr., "Rye, Edgar," accessed September 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fry02.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.