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SOWELL, ANDREW JACKSON (1815–1883). Andrew Jackson Sowell, Alamo defender and courier, son of John N. Sowell, Sr., was born in Davidson County, Tennessee, on June 27, 1815. He moved with his family from Tennessee to Missouri, and then to Texas; the family settled in Gonzales in 1829. Sowell was a farmer, and in 1833 he and his brothers became the first white men to raise corn in Guadalupe County. During the Texas Revolution he took part in the battles of Gonzales and Concepción and the Grass Fight. Sowell served in the garrison of the Alamo, but shortly before the final battle he and Byrd Lockhart were ordered out to obtain supplies. They were delayed in Gonzales buying cattle and other supplies and did not return to the Alamo before its fall. After Texas gained its independence, Sowell enjoyed a long career with the Texas Rangersqv. He took part in the Mexican War and served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. He was a noted scout and friend of Christopher (Kit) Carson. Sowell died in Seguin on January 4, 1883, and is buried in Mofield Cemetery.


Bill Groneman, Alamo Defenders (Austin: Eakin, 1990). Andrew Jackson Sowell, Early Settlers and Indian Fighters of Southwest Texas (Austin: Ben C. Jones, 1900; rpt., Austin: State House Press, 1986). Andrew Jackson Sowell, Rangers and Pioneers of Texas (San Antonio: Shepard, 1884; rpt., New York: Argosy-Antiquarian, 1964).

Bill Groneman

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Bill Groneman, "SOWELL, ANDREW JACKSON," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.