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SPENCER, JOEL (1795–?). Joel Spencer, early Brazoria County planter, was born in South Carolina in 1795. By 1860 he owned 650 acres of improved land on the edge of the site of present Brazoria and had real property valued at $22,000, personal property valued at $51,000, and 102 slaves. In that year his plantation produced 700 bushels of corn and 175 bales of cotton. The cotton plantation had a frame residence, a gin house, and frame houses for the slaves.


Randolph B. Campbell, An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821–1865 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989). James A. Creighton, A Narrative History of Brazoria County (Angleton, Texas: Brazoria County Historical Commission, 1975). Ralph A. Wooster, "Notes on Texas' Largest Slaveholders, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 65 (July 1961).

Diana J. Kleiner


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Diana J. Kleiner, "SPENCER, JOEL," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.