Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon

STONEHAM, GEORGE

STONEHAM, GEORGE (ca. 1786–1869?). George Stoneham (Stonam, Stonum), pioneer and cotton planter, son of Henry and Jane (Dillard) Stoneham, was born in Virginia about 1786, the oldest of several children of a Revolutionary War veteran. At the age of fifteen the family moved to Jackson County, Georgia. About 1819 George moved to Conecuh County, Alabama, with his brother Joseph and began the profitable operation of a keelboat between Brooklyn and Pensacola, Florida. When Joseph and his wife both died of fever in 1836, George became the guardian of Joseph's four orphaned sons. In 1844, accompanied by his nephews and probably a number of slaves, Stoneham moved to Texas, where he purchased a large tract of land from Mrs. Margaret McIntyre on Grimes Prairie in what is now southern Grimes County. The rest of his family joined him there in 1845. Stoneham, a successful cotton planter, raised hundreds of bales annually. By 1860 he controlled 115 slaves and an estate worth more than $150,000. He had thus become the wealthiest man in the county. As each nephew attained his majority, Stoneham gave him land and slaves. The second nephew, John H. Stoneham, became the founder of the town of Stoneham. Like most slaveowners, Stoneham was seriously damaged by emancipation. By the end of 1865 his remaining property was valued at only $28,000. His name disappeared from county tax rolls after 1869, when he appears to have died.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Grimes County Historical Commission, History of Grimes County, Land of Heritage and Progress (Dallas: Taylor, 1982).

Charles Christopher Jackson

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Charles Christopher Jackson, "Stoneham, George," accessed December 06, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fstaj.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on October 24, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.