- JOIN | SUPPORT TSHA
SUMMERFIELD, JOHN S.
SUMMERFIELD, JOHN S. (1853–1918). John S. Summerfield, surveyor and rancher, was born in England on October 24, 1853. After immigrating to the United States, in 1874–75 he was employed as a surveyor to run boundary lines in Kansas, Colorado, and Indian Territory. He went to Texas in 1876 as a partner of and surveyor for Jot Gunter and William B. Munson, Sr., in Sherman. Each year Summerfield was sent to the Panhandle with a surveying crew to select unappropriated holdings that Gunter and Munson bought with land scrip, to run lines, or to correct previously made surveys. In 1878 he made arrangements to purchase the range and log headquarters established at the head of Palo Duro Creek by Walter and Leigh Dyer the previous year. This purchase was completed in 1879, and Summerfield made the contract with Jud Campbell at the JA Ranch to bring the first GMS Ranch herd up from Kaufman County. As owner of one-third interest in the GMS, later the T Anchor Ranch, Summerfield conducted the ranch's extensive fence-building operations in the summer of 1881. In the fall of that year Summerfield sold his interest in the T Anchor to Jule Gunter. Over the next few years he conducted surveys in Deaf Smith and Castro counties for the railroad companies and helped mark the boundaries of the XIT Ranch. He later established his own real estate firm in Dallas. Summerfield succeeded Richard Walsh as manager of the JA Ranch in 1910 and held the job for a year. He died in Dallas on May 20, 1918, and was buried there. The town of Summerfield, in Castro County, is named for him.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Harley True Burton, A History of the JA Ranch (Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1928; rpt., New York: Argonaut, 1966). Castro County Historical Commission, Castro County, 1891–1981 (Dallas: Taylor, 1981). C. Boone McClure, "A Review of the T Anchor Ranch," Panhandle-Plains Historical Review 3 (1930).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, H. Allen Anderson, "Summerfield, John S.," accessed April 26, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsu03.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.