SUTHERLAND, GEORGE (1787?–1855). George Sutherland, early Texas soldier and public official, was the son of John Sutherland. Sources disagree as to the place and year of his birth; he was born in Virginia, Alabama, or Georgia in either 1787 or 1788. In 1830 he moved to Texas from Alabama and settled on the Navidad River in Jackson Municipality. He married Fanny Menefee, the sister of Thomas and William Menefee. On June 28, 1832, Sutherland presided at a meeting at Thomas Menefee's that adopted resolutions concerning the Anahuac Disturbances and named Sutherland a member of the local Committee of Correspondence and Inquiry. At the conventions of 1832 and 1833 he represented Matagorda Municipality. In June 1834 he established a merchandise business at Santa Anna, a community later renamed Texana. He was also elected to the Consultation (1835), but because of his various military responsibilities was unable to attend. He joined the revolutionary army during the Runaway Scrape and fought at San Jacinto as a private in Moseley Baker's Company D, attached to the First Regiment of Texas Volunteers. In the skirmishing the day before the battle on April 20, 1836, Sutherland's horse was killed under him. In 1837 Sutherland represented the new Jackson County in the Second Congress of the republic. An act of Congress on May 24, 1838, appropriated $1,400 for his relief for supplies furnished the Texas army. In 1840 he owned a warehouse at Dimitt's Landing. That same year he wrote to President Mirabeau B. Lamar endorsing John S. Menefee or John Sutherland as collector of the port of Lavaca. In 1842 Sutherland was a participant in the campaign against Rafael Vásquez and served as a major in the operation against Adrián Woll the same year. In 1844 Sutherland was a member of the House of the Ninth Congress and in 1848 was county commissioner of Jackson County. He died at his Jackson County home on April 22, 1855.
Charles Adams Gulick, Jr., Harriet Smither, et al., eds., The Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (6 vols., Austin: Texas State Library, 1920–27; rpt., Austin: Pemberton Press, 1968). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Claudia Hazlewood, "SUTHERLAND, GEORGE," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsu06), accessed February 08, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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