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TENORIO, ANTONIO

TENORIO, ANTONIO (?–?). Mexican captain Antonio Tenorio, commander at Anahuac, Texas, arrived on Galveston Bay with two officers and thirty-four men in January 1835 with orders from Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos to establish a customhouse. During its five months there the regiment encountered many difficulties, and Tenorio complained to his superiors. A shortage of boats and artillery made it difficult to stop smuggling, and local merchants refused to furnish the regiment with supplies. The lack of supplies also left the regiment vulnerable to attack from colonists, who were discontented because revenue laws were not enforced consistently. Morale was low among Tenorio's men, many of whom deserted. In June 1835, when Tenorio imprisoned Andrew Briscoe and DeWitt C. Harris for defying customs officials, William B. Travis organized a company of twenty-five men to eject the regiment from the garrison. Travis left Harrisburg on board David Harris's Ohio in hope of arriving at Anahuac before Tenorio's men received reinforcements. His company arrived on June 29, fired one shot, and demanded that Tenorio surrender, but not until Travis ordered an advance did Tenorio comply. The terms of the surrender, arranged on June 30, included a pledge from the Mexican officers that they would not take up arms against Texas. The arms were distributed among the victors, and Tenorio and his men sailed to Harrisburg on the Ohio, where they were ordered to withdraw to Bexar. Travis's actions were later criticized throughout Texas, and for the next several weeks Travis published a card in the Brazoria Texas Republican asking the public to suspend judgment until he had time to make an explanation of his act; this was finally written on September 1 but was never published. Tenorio arrived in San Felipe by July 17 and stayed there for seven weeks. He was ordered by Antonio López de Santa Anna to arrest Lorenzo de Zavala and take him to Mexico, and also to arrest Francis W. Johnson, Robert M. Williamson, Moseley Baker, Travis, and other members of the war party. In September Domingo de Ugartechea ordered him to return to his command at Anahuac.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Eugene C. Barker, "Difficulties of a Mexican Revenue Officer in Texas," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 4 (January 1901). John H. Jenkins, ed., The Papers of the Texas Revolution, 1835–1836 (10 vols., Austin: Presidial Press, 1973).

Margaret Swett Henson

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Margaret Swett Henson, "TENORIO, ANTONIO," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fte12), accessed July 10, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.