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TOWASH (?–?). Towash, a chief of the Hainai Indians, who moved from Louisiana to Central Texas about 1835 and settled with his people on the Brazos River above modern Waco. They remained there until their removal to the Brazos Indian Reservation in 1855. The settlement was known as the Towash Indian village from the name of the chief, but its inhabitants should not be confused with the Wichita Indian group called Towash or Taovaya.

Edward B. Jelks


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Edward B. Jelks, "TOWASH," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.