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WASHINGTON, THOMAS PRATT (1806–1873). Thomas Pratt Washington, son of Henry Augustine and Mildred (Pratt) Washington, was born on July 7, 1806, in Prince William County, Virginia. The family moved to Kentucky and later to Limestone County, Alabama, where Washington married Elizabeth Tate Harris on September 29, 1836; the couple had ten children. In the fall of 1845 Washington brought his family and slaves to Texas and improved a 2,000-acre farm at the mouth of Onion Creek on the Colorado River. The plantation house was completed in 1848; the plantation had a gin and a press. Mrs. Washington taught the neighbor children as well as her own. The Washington property, much of it represented in 106 slaves, was lost as a result of the Civil War. Reconstruction difficulties caused further losses. After a Colorado River flood in the summer of 1869, Washington moved to Austin, where he died on March 18, 1873. He and his wife are buried in Oakwood Cemetery.


Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"WASHINGTON, THOMAS PRATT," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed August 31, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.