- JOIN | SUPPORT TSHA
BUFFALO LAKE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
BUFFALO LAKE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE. Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge is on Farm Road 168 three miles south of Umbarger in Randall County. The 7,667-acre preserve, purchased by the United States Department of the Interior in the mid-1930s, is among the major waterfowl refuges in the Central Flyway, one of four major migratory routes over the continental United States. Some 275 species of birds have been observed in the area, though the refuge's main attraction is the thousands of ducks and geese that winter there. During the mid-1960s, some 800,000 ducks and 40,000 Canada geese spent the winter at Buffalo Lake. The lake, however, began to dry up in the 1970s because it had no regular inflow, and in the 1980s its future value as a waterfowl sanctuary was uncertain. To provide forage for the birds, each year crops were planted on about 1,000 acres in the dry lakebed. In the 1980s efforts were under way to make a marshy area for wildlife. The open grasslands around the lakebed provided habitat for a variety of animal life, including deer, prairie dogs, bobcats, and coyotes. Recreational facilities at the refuge included a hiking trail, campsites, and picnic areas.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:George Oxford Miller, Texas Parks and Campgrounds: Central, South, and West Texas (Austin: Texas Monthly Press, 1984).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Christopher Long, "Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge," accessed April 27, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/gkb16.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.