BIG SLOUGH WILDERNESS AREA
BIG SLOUGH WILDERNESS AREA. Big Slough Wilderness Area is near the northeastern tip of Davy Crockett National Forest, fifteen miles from Alto in Houston County. The 3,040-acre area, set aside by an act of Congress in 1964, is the state's smallest wilderness area. Nevertheless, Big Slough contains an unusual diversity of plant and animal life, including four distinctly different plant associations: short leaf pine and southern red oak; loblolly pine, white oak, and shagbark hickory; water oak, willow oak, and loblolly pine; and overcup oak, mayhaw, and planer tree. Black oak, a species rare in Southeast Texas, also grows in the upland regions. Most of Big Slough lies within the floodplain of the Neches River, which forms eleven of the twelve miles of its eastern boundary. The northern half of the wilderness is covered by a sluggish watercourse named Big Slough, a partly abandoned channel of the Neches. The slough is rich in channel catfish and other marine life. To its southeast is a marshy area of several hundred acres that contains a series of beaver and alligator ponds. Bottlebrushes surrounding the ponds attract a profusion of butterflies and other insects. Part of the area has never been forested, and no logging has been permitted in it since 1968. During wet periods much of the area is covered by water, and it is then possible to canoe along a four-mile loop from the Neches to Big Sough and back.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Edward C. Fritz, "Big Slough Wilderness Area," accessed January 18, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/gkb17.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.