- JOIN | SUPPORT TSHA
LIPAN, TEXAS. Lipan is at the intersection of Farm roads 4 and 1189, sixteen miles northwest of Granbury in the northwestern corner of Hood County. Though settlers began moving into the area during the early 1850s, the settlement was not formally established until 1873, when T. A. Burns laid out a townsite at the intersection of the roads connecting Weatherford to Stephenville and Granbury to Palo Pinto. He called the new community Lipan, after the Lipan Apaches, who reportedly had used the surrounding territory as a hunting ground earlier in the century. Fertile soils attracted settlers to the area, and the nearest community was twenty miles away. Lipan received a post office in 1875. By the mid-1890s the community had a school and several businesses, including two blacksmith shops and two cotton gins. Its population by 1900 was 286. In 1936 it had 300 residents and eighteen businesses. Unlike many small communities, Lipan grew during the Great Depression and World War II. Its population reached 350 by the late 1940s, when the town had twenty-one businesses. In the late 1960s the community reported 399 residents and sixteen businesses. A slight decline during the 1970s was offset by growth in the next decade. The population was 512 in the late 1980s, when fourteen businesses served area residents. In 1990 the population of Lipan was 354. The population grew to 425 by 2000.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Thomas T. Ewell, History of Hood County (Granbury, Texas: Gaston, 1895; rpt., Granbury Junior Woman's Club, 1956).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Brian Hart, "Lipan, TX," accessed April 25, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hll47.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.