RATCLIFF, TX (HOUSTON COUNTY)
RATCLIFF, TEXAS (Houston County). Ratcliff was founded when a Georgia wagon train moved into eastern Houston County around 1875, bringing a band of settlers. It was named for Jesse H. Ratcliff, who built a sawmill in the virgin pine area in 1885 and opened a post office on February 6, 1889. Ratcliff's sawmill was sold to Central Coal and Coke Company in 1901 and was the foundation for the large sawmilling operation known was Four C Mill. The population during the boom sawmill days was more than 5,000. Old Ratcliff School was established in 1890 with Dora Hager as the first teacher. The school was moved closer to town in 1901 and consolidated with the Kennard school district in 1955. Ratcliff flourished as a lumbering town until the early twentieth century. By 1920 the surrounding 120,000 acres of timber had been cut, and the town declined until the mid-1930s. Land sales, the designation of Davy Crockett National Forest, and a reforestation program undertaken by the Civilian Conservation Corps helped revive the economy. Ratcliff Recreation Area, a campground one mile west of town, became a tourist attraction. Ratcliff received two Texas historical markers: one for the community itself in 1972 and a second for the Four C Mill in 1973. In 1980 Ratcliff had two businesses; the population in 1990 and 2000 was 106.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Eliza H. Bishop, "Ratcliff, TX (Houston County)," accessed June 24, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hlr01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.