Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


TIRA, TEXAS. Tira is on Farm Road 1536 thirteen miles north of Sulphur Springs in north central Hopkins County. It was originally known as Chapman Arm for Jimmy Chapman, who settled there in 1850. A Methodist church was organized at the community just after the Civil War, and in 1898 a post office under the name Tira, a corruption of the biblical name Tyre, was established, with Allen L. Payton as postmaster. Will Godfrey opened a gin in 1900, and a public school began operating shortly thereafter. By 1914 Tira had three general stores, a grocer, two cotton gins, and an estimated population of 100. Its post office was closed in 1919, but Tira continued to prosper during the 1920s and early 1930s. In the mid-1930s Tira had a Methodist church, a school, three stores, and a population of 200. In 1945 the Tira School was consolidated with several other schools to form the North Hopkins School. During the 1950s many Tira residents moved away, and by 1952 its population had dropped to forty. The last store closed in 1961, when its owner, Lloyd Smiddy, died. The town, however, began to grow again during the 1960s and 1970s; the population reached 115 in 1966 and 249 in 1986. During the same period a number of new homes were built, and two service stations, a cafe, and a welding shop opened. In 1975 the town incorporated. In 1989 Tira reported a population of 273, and in 1990, 237. The population was 248 in 2000.


Florene Chapman Adams, Hopkins County and Our Heritage (Sulphur Springs, Texas: 197-?).

Christopher Long

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Christopher Long, "TIRA, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on!