- JOIN | SUPPORT TSHA
ESCOBAS, TEXAS. Escobas is on Escobas Creek and Farm Road 16 nineteen miles northeast of Zapata in Zapata County. The area, which was part of the José de Escandón colony of Nuevo Santander, was originally settled by Mexican rancheros in the mid-eighteenth century. They made no permanent settlement at the site but divided the region into large ranches. By 1897 a local school with one teacher and thirty students served the area. The Escobas townsite was called Laguna de Escobas before the late 1920s, when oil was discovered in the area; by the late 1930s the Texas Company (see TEXACO, INC.), the principal producer in the Escobas oilfield, had built the settlement of Escobas and provided a school there. The community had a post office and was a supply point for the local oil companies. Local students were bused to schools in Zapata after they reached the fifth grade. In 1940 the community reported one business and a population of twenty-five. In 1991 Escobas continued to report a population of twenty-five and had a few small homes and a combination general store and gas station. Oilfields and the Jacinteña and Los Mesquines ranches surround the site. In 2000 the population was three.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Virgil N. Lott and Mercurio Martinez, The Kingdom of Zapata (San Antonio: Naylor, 1953). Florence J. Scott, Historical Heritage of the Lower Rio Grande (San Antonio: Naylor, 1937; rev. ed., Waco: Texian, 1966; rpt., Rio Grande City, Texas: La Retama Press, 1970).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Dick D. Heller, Jr., "Escobas, TX," accessed April 24, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hne24.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.