NEW SALEM, TX (RUSK COUNTY)
NEW SALEM, TEXAS (Rusk County). New Salem is ten miles southwest of Laneville in southwestern Rusk County. It was settled by planters before the Civil War on the stage route crossing the county from northeast to southwest and was named Salem by Oscar Wilson, in honor of his old home in Victoria County. After malaria diminished the population, the name was changed to New Salem. Col. John Pruitt was the major settler in the area. Settlement was rapid in the 1850s. In 1854 the New Salem Academy opened; the town was incorporated in 1856. A post office was established in 1849 with Poindexter Payne as postmaster. It was discontinued in 1955, and mail was sent to Henderson. The population was 100 in 1885 and decreased to eighty-five in 1896, when the town had three stores, two flour mills, and a Baptist church. During the twentieth century the population remained stable at 180 from the 1920s to the 1960s but fell to thirty-one in the 1970s. It remained at thirty-one in 1990. In 2000 the population was fifty-five.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Megan Biesele, "New Salem, TX (Rusk County)," accessed January 17, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hnn16.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.