QUAIL, TEXAS. Quail, at the intersection of State Highway 203 and Farm Road 1574, in central Collingsworth County, was named because of the abundance of quail in the vicinity. The first families to settle this area were those of the brothers W. I. and T. S. Atkinson, who established their dugout homesteads in November 1890 and became the first to grow cotton in the county. A post office was established in 1902 with Sam Wilson as postmaster, and the first school building had been erected by 1904, when Greer Powell started a cotton gin in Quail. That year the first store was opened, and a telephone wire was strung on a barbed wire fence to connect Quail with Wellington. By 1909 the Baptist and Methodist churches had established congregations, with the Church of Christ following several years later. In 1910 Wade Arnold began publication of the Quail Feather, and Dr. Ed Beck opened the Quail Mercantile Company. A new $17,000 school building was completed in 1927 and enlarged as a consolidated school in 1935. In 1930 Quail had fifteen businesses and a population of 300. The population decreased to 250 in 1940, 200 in 1960, and ninety-five in 1970. By 1984 Quail had a gin, a grain elevator, four businesses, and a population of ninety-two. In 1990 the population was still ninety-two. The population dropped to thirty-three in 2000.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, H. Allen Anderson, "Quail, TX," accessed May 27, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hnq01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles