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BIG SPRING CADDO VILLAGE. The Big Spring Caddo village was located just west of the confluence of Paw Paw Bayou and Butler Creek in eastern Harrison County some six and one-half miles west-northwest of Waskom. This village, mentioned in Rip Ford’s Texas, was an important reference point in many early Republic of Texas headright surveys. The village was probably first established in late 1836 by members of the Caddo tribe forced to migrate from their villages in Louisiana, a requirement of the 1835 treaty which transferred their lands in that state to the United States. In the 1930s the village name was corrupted to Biff Springs and this site was erroneously said to pre-date the early Texas community of Old Elysian Fields.


Jim Tiller, Before the Line, Volume III: Caddo Indians: The Final Years (2013), Electronic version available at Newton Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville.

Jim Tiller


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Jim Tiller, "BIG SPRING CADDO VILLAGE," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed September 02, 2015. Uploaded on April 2, 2012. Modified on September 26, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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