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GUM POLE, TEXAS. Gum Pole (Gumpole) was a farming community 1½ miles south of the Willow Springs Church and fifteen miles east of Sulphur Springs in eastern Hopkins County. The community was established before the Civil War by, among others, Esquire Caid, John Woodward, John Richmond, Marion Wheeler, Bill Rolph, and Tom Crump. The community is said to have been named for a house built of gum poles by Warren Wheeler. A school was constructed at the community in 1877 and continued operating until the 1930s, when it was consolidated with the Greenwood school. By the mid-1930s Gum Pole was no longer shown on the county highway map.


Florene Chapman Adams, Hopkins County and Our Heritage. (Sulphur Springs, Texas: 197-?).

Christopher Long


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Christopher Long, "GUM POLE, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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